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Punjabi Alphabets

Punjabi language uses Gurmukhi script. Below are the list of Gurmukhi vowels, consonants and their pronunciations to help you to learn Punjabi language easily.

Vowels of Punjabi Alphabet

ਅ As ‘a’ in mal
ਆ Stressed ਅ
ਇ As ‘I’ in ill
ਈ As ‘e’ in eke
ਉ As ‘u’ in Ubuntu
ਊ As ‘ou’ in you
ਏ As ‘e’ in par se
ਐ As ‘a’ in as
ਓ As ‘o’ in go
ਔ Stressed and long sound of ‘o’

Consonants of Punjabi Alphabet

ਕ As ‘k’ in kite
ਖ Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘h’= ‘kh’
ਗ As ‘g’ in gun
ਘ Coupled sound of ‘g’, ‘h’= ‘gh’
ਙ As ‘gn’ in gnome.
ਚ As ‘ch’ in chair
ਛ Not available in English.
ਜ As ‘j’ in jug
ਝ Not available in English.
ਞ Just like ‘gn’ of gnome.
ਟ As ‘t’ in top
ਠ Hard sound of ‘t’. Not available in English.
ਡ As ‘d’ in dark
ਢ Coupled sound of ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’.
ਣ Nasal sound.
ਤ Soft sound of ‘t’ as in bat.
ਥ As ‘th’ in thermo
ਦ As ‘th’ in the
ਧ Not available in English.
ਨ As ‘n’ in man
ਪ As ‘p’ in push
ਫ Sound of ‘f’ if pronounced with closed lips.
ਬ As ‘b’ in ban
ਭ Not available in English.
ਮ As ‘m’ in mass
ਯ As ‘y’ in yacht
ਰ As ‘r’ in run
ਲ As ‘l’ in love
ਵ As ‘v’ in vowel
ਸ਼ As ‘sh’ in shot
ਸ As ‘s’ in sound
ਹ As ‘h’ in has



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